Kommentarer till utgåvan GNOME 2.26
GNOME 2.26 is the latest version of the GNOME Desktop: a popular, multi-platform desktop environment for your computer. GNOME's focus is ease of use, stability, and first class internationalization and accessibility support. GNOME is Free and Open Source Software and provides all of the common tools computer users expect of a modern computing environment, such as email, groupware, web browsing, file management, multimedia, and games. Furthermore, GNOME provides a flexible and powerful platform for software developers, both on the desktop and in mobile applications.
The GNOME Desktop is released every six months and contains many new features, improvements, bug fixes, and translations. GNOME 2.26 continues this tradition. To learn more about GNOME and the qualities that distinguish it from other computer desktop environments (such as usability, accessibility, internationalization, and freedom) visit the About GNOME page on our website.
Join us today and see what a difference you can make.
GNOME 2.26 includes all of the improvements made in GNOME 2.24 and earlier. You can learn more about the changes that happened in GNOME 2.24 from its release notes.
2. Vad är nytt för användarna
The GNOME Project's focus on users and usability continues in GNOME 2.26 with its hundreds of bug fixes and user-requested improvements. The sheer number of enhancements makes it impossible to list every change and improvement made, but these notes aim to highlight some of the more exciting, user-oriented features in this release.
- 2.1. Comprehensive New Disc Burning
- 2.2. Förenklad fildelning
- 2.3. Evolution Evolves its Migration from Windows
- 2.4. Förbättringar i mediaspelare
- 2.5. Volume Control Integrated with PulseAudio
- 2.6. Support for multiple monitors and projectors
- 2.7. Nästan telepatisk kommunikation
- 2.8. Location Epiphany
- 2.9. Integration med fingeravtrycksläsare
- 2.10. Men vänta, det finns mer...
2.1. Comprehensive New Disc Burning
Although previous versions of GNOME already had an easy way to burn CDs and DVDs, as of GNOME 2.26 this has been expanded to a whole application dedicated to disc creation: Brasero.
Brasero delivers new features that were not supported by the CD burner, such as audio CD burning with audio track preview, track splitting, and volume normalization; full multisession support; integrity checks; a cover editor; and support for multiple burning backends.
People who appreciated the way CD burning used to work will not have to relearn their habits; the existing interfaces are also available.in the menu still brings up a folder you can drag into. CD (ISO) image files can still be burnt directly from the file manager by right-clicking on them.
Brasero allows other GNOME applications to add disc burning capabilities. For example, the Media Player now allows you to burn the home movie you're watching to either (S)VCD or DVD.
2.2. Förenklad fildelning
GNOME 2.26 now includes a plugin for its file manager to enable simple personal file sharing over WebDAV, HTTP and Bluetooth.
2.3. Evolution Evolves its Migration from Windows
GNOME's email and groupware suite, Evolution, has gained two important features for helping users who are migrating to GNOME from Microsoft Windows environments.
First is the ability to import Microsoft Outlook Personal Folders (PST files) directly in Evolution. Email, contacts, appointments, tasks and journal entries are supported. Previously, the files had to be imported via a third-party utility, such as Thunderbird on Windows.
Second is support for Microsoft Exchange's MAPI protocol. This is the protocol that Microsoft Outlook uses to communicate with Exchange. Previously, Evolution only supported Exchange's SOAP protocol, which is not available on all Exchange servers. This support significantly improves Evolution's integration with Exchange servers.
2.4. Förbättringar i mediaspelare
GNOME's Media Player continues to be improved with several new features.
Many media player appliances now offer the option to share the stored content via either the UPnP or DLNA protocols. With the new Coherence DLNA/UPnP client, it is possible to browse and play this content from within the GNOME Media Player.
While GNOME's Media Player already has the ability to display subtitles for a movie, this still required you to have the subtitle data available. As of GNOME 2.26, this restriction is gone. Using the new subtitle downloader plugin, the Media Player will automatically find subtitles for you.
2.5. Volume Control Integrated with PulseAudio
PulseAudio is the new audio input/output routing and mixing framework that is being adopted by many free software platforms. It has support for features like per-application volume and dynamic plug-and-play and rerouting of sound devices (e.g. USB soundcards).
GNOME 2.26 can take advantage of these features with its new volume control and new Sound Preferences tool.
The Sound Preferences tool integrates the choice of sound devices, application volumes, alert volume and alert theme in one place.
For those without PulseAudio, the old (GStreamer) mixer will still be available and has even been augmented with a sound theme tab to match the new interface.
2.6. Support for multiple monitors and projectors
The Display Settings tool now has a better view of which monitors or projectors you have plugged in, and makes it easier than before to set up your monitors in various configurations.
The Display Settings tool is also more reliable even with unrobust graphics drivers, as it now presents a confirmation dialog after making changes to your monitor's settings. Your settings will be restored to a known-good configuration even if your machine crashes while changing the monitor's settings.
2.7. Nästan telepatisk kommunikation
The Empathy instant messaging application, which uses the Telepathy communications framework, has taken another step forward with features including file transfer where supported by Telepathy (currently Jabber and link-local XMPP), chat room invite support, sound themes and notifications, and an improved VoIP experience.
VoIP using the free Theora and Speex codecs is now possible over Jingle to clients that support them.
Support for sound themes and notification bubble has also been added.
2.8. Location Epiphany
GNOME's web browser, Epiphany, gains an exciting new feature of an improved location bar, similar to the Awesome Bar popularized by Firefox 3.0.
2.9. Integration med fingeravtrycksläsare
GNOME 2.26 now integrates with the fprintd fingerprint service to allow users to enroll fingerprints for use in authentication.
If a system is configurated for allowing fingerprint authentication, users can enroll their fingerprints viafrom the panel menu.
2.10. Men vänta, det finns mer...
As well as big changes, there are also various small additions and tweaks that happen in every GNOME release.
- The file manager can now to ask PackageKit to install support for a file you wish to open.
- A keyboard modifier (usually Alt) is now required to drag panels around on the screen (the same keyboard modifier used for dragging windows around by their middles).
- Password entry widgets will now warn if you have your Caps Lock key enabled.
- Changing the Input Method type using the context menu on a text entry widget is now per-widget, rather than per-application. (This is separate from setting your default input manager or keyboard layout.)
- Input methods now work in password entry widgets.
- The Deskbar now supports OpenSearch plugins.
- New visual effects, such as the panels sliding in and out at login and logout, and crossfading desktop backgrounds.
3. Vad är nytt inom hjälpmedel
GNOME has a passion for making software available to everyone, including users and developers with impairments that can make it harder to use their computer. To help, GNOME created the GNOME Accessibility Project and an accessibility framework that is now a standard on libre desktops.
GNOME 2.26 continues to build on its prior accessibility credentials with several improvements.
- 3.1. Skärmläsaren Orca
3.1. Skärmläsaren Orca
The Orca screenreader has had significant work done to reduce program bugs and improve performance, with over 160 bugs fixed for GNOME 2.26. Some of the improvements include:
- improved support for ARIA in Firefox;
- new understanding of how to pronounce WikiWords and mnemonics;
- the ability to configure speech pitch, rate and volume on the fly from the preferences pane; and
- improved performance and reliability.
4. Vad är nytt för utvecklare
The following changes are important for developers using the GNOME 2.26 developer platform. If you're not interested in changes for developers, you can skip forward to Avsnitt 5 ― Internationalisering.
As well as the GNOME Desktop, GNOME 2.26 is the latest release of the GNOME Developer Platform, a set of API and ABI stable libraries available under the GNU LGPL that can be used for the development of cross-platform applications.
Starting with GNOME 3.0, various deprecated parts of GNOME will be removed. These deprecated components include GNOME-specific libraries such as libgnome, libgnomeui, libgnomeprint, libgnomeprintui, libglade, and libgnomevfs. For applications that ship as part of the GNOME Desktop, a number of cleanup tasks have been carried out to ensure no deprecated code is used. This will ensure the smooth transition to GNOME 3.0.
Developers are strongly urged to follow this example in their own applications too. Furthermore, for any developers (or potential developers) who wish to help us out, the GNOME goals wiki page lists the various tasks that are yet to be completed.
4.1. GTK+ 2.16
GTK+ 2.16 is the latest release of the GTK+ toolkit, which is at the heart of GNOME. GTK+ 2.16 includes a couple of new features for developers, as well as extensive bug fixing and housecleaning for the upcoming GTK+ 3.0.
GtkEntry widgets can now display icons at the front or back of the entry widget (depending on your locale's text direction). These icons are optionally prelightable and clickable.
GtkEntry widgets can now also be used to display a progress bar.
A new interface, GtkActivatable, has been added for widgets that can be connected to a GtkAction.
4.2. Access to Disc Burning APIs
libbrasero-media provides an API for accessing the disc burning infrastructure in GNOME. An example of its use can be found in GNOME's Media Player, which includes a plugin to burn DVDs and VCDs from a video.
4.3. Åtkomst till Evinces API:er
A new library, libevview, has been created to provide the EvView widget used in Evince. This allows other applications to embed Evince's document viewing component.
libevdocument is a library that makes it possible to develop third-party document backends for use with Evince without having to add them to the Evince source tree.
Both libraries already have available Python bindings included in gnome-python-desktop.
The Anjuta integrated development environment has gained some great improvements in GNOME 2.26. Most important is a completely rewritten symbol management engine that, together with the new bookmark system, allows for much faster code navigation. Auto-detection of any libraries using pkg-config for code completion and calltips is now possible.
In addition, the integration of version control systems and the Glade interface designer have taken a major step forward. The file tree now shows status icons for all files in projects using the Subversion or Git version control systems. It is possible to automatically generate callbacks from Glade, and GtkBuilder files are now supported.
For better support of the GNOME Mobile platform, remote debugging using gdbserver and support for Scratchbox (version 2) have also been added.
Thanks to members of the worldwide GNOME Translation Project, GNOME 2.26 offers support for 48 languages with at least 80 percent of strings translated, including the user and administration manuals for many languages.
Språk som stöds:
- Bengali (Indien)
- Brasiliansk portugisiska
- English (US, British)
- Kinesiska (Hong Kong)
- Kinesiska (Kina)
- Kinesiska (Taiwan)
- Norska (bokmål)
Many other languages are partially supported, with more than half of their strings translated.
Translating a software package as large as GNOME into a new language can be an overwhelming task for even the most dedicated translation team. For this release two language teams have put in a stellar effort, increasing the completeness of their translations by more than 20%. Congratulations to the Romanian and Oriya teams for their hard work. Congratulations also to the Assamese, Kannada, Oriya, Romanian, and Telugu teams, which each passed the 80% mark this time.
Detailed statistics and more information are available on GNOME's translation status site.
6. Installera GNOME
You can try out GNOME 2.26 with the LiveCD, which contains all of the software included in GNOME 2.26 on a single CD. You can boot your computer directly from the LiveCD without installing anything. The LiveCD can be downloaded from the GNOME BitTorrent site.
To install or upgrade your machine to GNOME 2.26, we recommend you install official packages from your vendor or distribution. Popular distributions will make GNOME 2.26 available very soon, and some already have development versions with GNOME 2.26 available. You can get a list of distributions that ship GNOME and discover the latest versions they ship on our Get Footware page.
If you are brave and patient, and would like to build GNOME from source, we recommend you use one of the build tools. GARNOME builds GNOME from release tarballs. You will need GARNOME 2.26.x to build GNOME 2.26.x. There is also JHBuild, which is designed to build the latest GNOME from SVN. You can use JHBuild to build GNOME 2.26.x by using the gnome-2.26 moduleset.
While it is possible to build GNOME directly from the release tarballs, we strongly recommend the use of one of the build tools above.
7. Se fram emot GNOME 2.28
Development doesn't stop with GNOME 2.26. Work has already begun on GNOME 2.28, due to be released exactly six months after 2.26.
8. Become a Friend of GNOME!
During the 2.26 development cycle the GNOME Foundation also launched a new Friends of GNOME program. Now supporters can sign up to help the GNOME Foundation with recurring $10/month donations.
Friends of GNOME is a way for individuals to support the GNOME project's mission of providing a free and open source desktop for everyone regardless of ability. With no advertising or outreach, the foundation raised anywhere from $6,000 to $20,000 a year from generous individuals. That money has contributed to the funds for hackfests, local events and programs which in turn have enabled the GNOME project to create an internationalized, accessible and easy to use desktop software for both traditional desktops and for mobile devices.
Head over to the Friends of GNOME website.
9. Tack till
Dessa kommentarer till utgåvan skrevs av Davyd Madeley med hjälp från GNOME-gemenskapen. Översättningen till svenska gjordes av Daniel Nylander från svenska översättningsgruppen. På gemenskapens vägnar så tackar vi varmt våra utvecklare och bidragsgivare som har gjort denna utgåva av GNOME möjlig.
Detta verk kan fritt översättas till valfritt språk. Om du vill översätta det till ditt språk så kontakta GNOME:s översättningsprojekt.